The principal types of Japanese dolls are : Hina, Gosho, Musha, and Isho.
The Japanese Doll Festival , Hina-matsuri, or Girls' Day, is held on March 3. Platforms covered with a red carpet are used to display a set of ornamental dolls hina-ningyō representing the Emperor, Empress, attendants, and musicians in traditional court dress.
The Shimogamo Shrine in Kyoto celebrates the Nagashibina by floating these dolls in the river to pray for the safety of children. People have stopped doing this now because of fishermen catching the dolls in their nets. They now send them out to sea, and when the spectators are gone they take the boats out of the water and bring them back to the temple and burn them.
Families generally start to display the dolls in February,
National Museum, Cardiff circa 1927
Painting depicts the interior of the artist's studio in rue Terre Neuve, Meudon, Paris. The doll, dressed in a red and blue kimono-style garment, is seated against an open box in the centre of a table top. Still-lifes situated in simple interiors such as this are central to the artist's later oeuvre. This painting is one of two known versions of the composition.
bib, frequently holding an auspicious object conveying wishes for health, longevity, prosperity, martial success, or enhanced fertility These dolls are now generally referred to as gosho-ningyô or palace dolls. from Alan Pate "Antique Japanese Dolls"
The "fashion doll" or ishô-ningyô is perhaps the most diverse and layered of the many categories of Japanese dolls.
Wooden Kokeshi :
"Strange, exotic dolls amongst the treasures of the expedition"
When In 1853-56, United States naval office Commodore Matthew Perry led a U.S. naval expedition to force Japan to begin trading with America–and the rest of the world, one of the items he brought back was a pair of Japanese Ichimatsu dolls.
These dolls were modelled after the Ichimatsu dolls brought by Perry.
Western girl with collective dolls.. notice the Ichimatsu held foremost in her arms.
Picture from an 1874 French book of a child with an Ichimatsu.
Artist: Cassatt, Mary Stevenson (American 1845-1926) Impressionist Painter
John Haberle ca. 1891
From my collection Ichimatsu boy doll lovingly dressed by Joan Malone,
Consequently, time, and neglect has taken its toll on these treasures,and others have been misplaced. However there is an effort to locate each of the special 1927 Envoy Dolls (12 are still missing) and to insure that each of the surviving dolls is properly identified and cared for.